Bachelor Degree – What is a Bachelor Degree?

28.04.20 Bachelor degree Time to read: 5min

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Definition: Bachelor Degree

A bachelor degree is a four-year course which is offered by colleges or universities. The course is taken directly after finishing higher education and is classified as a level 6 qualification. Bachelor degrees will help with your personal development and will give you more knowledge in your field of interest. Even more, a bachelor degree will open up your opportunities in the job market. It is possible to enter the job market without a bachelor degree, but the certification will help you move faster in your career.

A bachelor degree is an important qualification in academics. In this guide, we will expound on the different types of bachelor degrees, as well as the jobs they will allow you to access.

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A bachelor degree is attained at the end of university, and it usually takes 3 to 4 years, depending on the country. To get a bachelor degree, a person will need to have a high school diploma or the equivalent qualification. After getting a bachelor degree certificate, an individual will be qualified to pursue their master’s degree and they can continue until they have their PhD.

To get a bachelor degree, you will need to enrol in a university. You can attend a university on campus or enrol in an online-based school. It encompasses 120 semester credits or around 40 college courses in total, which culminates in the writing and defense of a bachelor thesis. All of this usually takes about four years of full-time study, or more in some cases.

In most fields, the highest degree you can attain is the doctorate (also called the PhD). You will usually need to spend more than 2 years in school to attain this qualification. To enroll in a  doctorate course, you will need to have a master’s degree, but in some cases, a bachelor degree will be sufficient to apply for the doctorate, depending on the field of study.

These two degrees take four years to complete and are both highly valued in the job market. Bachelor of Arts courses usually focus on the humanities and human sciences. A few natural sciences are also included in this category. On the other hand, a course will be classified under Bachelor of Science if it requires more math and scientific courses. Some institutions will simply decide whether they will offer a bachelor of science or bachelor of arts degrees. They both culminate with students writing a bachelor’s thesis or dissertation as it is sometimes known as. Depending on the country, a theis defence may also be required.

Whether or not you’re required to defend or present your thesis in front of a board of professors, depends on your country, the institution and your field of study. In the USA and Australia, a thesis defense is rarely required for a bachelor’s degree- only for postgraduate degrees. However, in Europe, a bachelor thesis defence is commonplace.

Types of Bachelor Degrees

You can get a bachelor degree in many different fields, but the most common ones are:






Social Sciences



There are more than 80 bachelor degrees you can get in university, but Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts are the broad groups of bachelor degrees. The courses under these undergraduate programs will often overlap, usually based on the number of courses and the specific types of courses taken. For example, if you are taking education, you can either get a Bachelor of Art or Bachelor of Science. Some schools choose to offer the course under Bachelor of Education.

Bachelor of Science courses may require some lab hours. If you are taking the course online, these lab hours can be completed in other virtual ways. Courses may fall on either the Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts category based on the number of courses you have to take. Bachelor degrees in fine arts are also fairly popular. You can consider these courses if you intend to pursue a career in fine arts. A degree in fine arts will require some natural skill as the courses are hands-on.

Sciences under each Bachelor Degree

  • Biology
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Computer Science
  • Business
  • Economics
  • Nutrition
  • English
  • History
  • Communication
  • Human and Family Development
  • Education
  • Foreign Language
  • Philosophy
  • Creative writing
  • Dance
  • Ceramics
  • Drawing and Painting
  • Photography
  • Printmaking
  • Graphic design
  • Business Law
  • Ethics
  • Finance
  • Project Management
  • Marketing
  • Operations Management
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Anaesthetics
  • General Practice
  • Radiology
  • Surgery
  • Pathology
  • Medicine
  • Psychiatry
  • Architecture and Planning
  • Architectural Technology
  • Architectural Technology and Design
  • Architecture

Bachelor degree: Abbreviations

Here are some common abbreviations you should note:

  • B.A. – Bachelor of Arts
  • B.A. Comm. – Bachelor of Arts in Communication
  • B.Arch. – Bachelor of Architecture
  • B.B.A. – Bachelor of Business Administration
  • B.E. – Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Education
  • B.F.A. – Bachelor of Fine Arts
  • B.L.A. – Bachelor of Liberal Arts
  • Ph.B. – Bachelor of Philosophy
  • B.S.Ed. – Bachelor of Science Education
  • Th.B. – Bachelor of Theology
  • B.J. – Bachelor of Journalism
  • B.M.Ed. – Bachelor of Music Education
  • B.E.E. – Bachelor of Electrical Engineering
  • B.D. – Bachelor of Divinity
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Jobs to get with a bachelor degree

Bachelor degrees are the bare minimum requirements for many corporate jobs. The unemployment rate for bachelor degree holders is very low, meaning you should be able to find a job after school. If you secure a job soon enough, your university fees will be paid back pretty fast. You can get a high-paying job straight out of school, but many employers will need to first see your skills in action.

The jobs available to you will be determined by the specific course you took. Here are some common jobs you can get based on your major:


Bachelor degree in health sciences:

Health and wellness coordinator, health educator, nutritional aide, and health worker.


Bachelor degree in chemistry:

Chemical plant worker, chemist, energy engineer, and clinical trial manager.


Bachelor degree in applied biology science:

Environmental corporate consultant, marine biologist, wildlife biologist, conservation agent, and forestry manager.


Bachelor degree in advertising and marketing:

Promotions manager, sales representative, graphic designer, writer, photographer, and market research analyst.


Bachelor degree in horticulture:

Plant propagator, organic farmer, pest management, botanical management, and irrigation specialist.


Bachelor degree in human resource:

Employee resource manager, compensation or benefit analyst, HR information systems manager, and training and development manager.