APA PowerPoint Citation is used by researchers when citing PowerPoint documents as a research source. The APA style of academic writing gives several stipulations for correct PowerPoint citation in a research document. We will discuss the rules to be followed and the appropriate formatting of PowerPoint sources.1
Definition: APA PowerPoint Citation
APA PowerPoint citation refers to the generally accepted ways of citing PowerPoint resources. It entails the correct formatting of PowerPoint slides that are accessible by the public as well as sources that are exclusive to an organization or institution. The APA guide gives directions on citation of PowerPoint sources and other research sources, including books, journals, and websites.2
|APA format formula||Name of the author, Initials. Date (Year, month, day). Title of PowerPoint [PowerPoint slides]. Name of department, Name of Institution. URL|
|APA reference entry||Carver, F (2017). The hunt for red October [PowerPoint slides]. School of Humanities, University of Chicago. https://carver.soh.openport.edu/upload/location/656/2017/12/Chicagoredoctober.ppt|
|APA in-text citation||(Carver, 2017)|
APA PowerPoint Citation – Accessible to the readers
APA PowerPoint citation is used to cite PowerPoint documents that are accessible to the readers. Note that only such sources, i.e., accessible documents, should be mentioned in the reference list for readers to locate the originals source of the ideas proposed in a research publication.3
PowerPoint presentations owned by institutions may require login credentials to access them. APA PowerPoint citation of password-protected platforms requires that researchers provide the URL of the login page rather than the URL of the location of the files. Password-protected platforms include learning management systems used by institutions to store literary materials.
APA PowerPoint citation for accessible sources such as websites includes mentioning these sources in the reference list. For PowerPoint slides available on public sites, mention the name of the website instead of the university or department name.
|Password-protected Platform||Public Websites|
|APA reference entry||Carter, D. (2019, August 4). Back to Basics [PowerPoint Slides]. Department of Arts, Cambridge University. https://login.balckboard.ca.ac.uk||Washington, P. (2012, January 12). Dashboards and Flowcharts [PowerPoint slides]. Universal. https://www.universal.com/pwashington/dashboards-and-flowcharts-jan-2012/12- UNDERSTANDING_THE_BASICS_SPPivot.4|
|APA in-text citation||(Carter, 2019)||(Washington, 2012).|
This format can also be used for lecture notes and other slides. Use a suitable description in place of “PowerPoint slides.”
|APA reference style||Researchgate, (2018). Harvard 2nd volume: The revamped edition [Excel Online]. Microsoft 365. https://office.live.com/start/excel.aspx|
|APA in-text citation||(Researchgate, 2018).|
APA PowerPoint Citation – Not Accessible to the Readers
- If you’re citing PowerPoint sources inaccessible to the public, you should cite them as personal communication. However, you should consider the following conditions:
- When citing a PowerPoint file hosted by your university’s Canvas, you can use the standard format since your professor can easily access the PowerPoint slides.
- If you are citing the same PowerPoint file in your research paper for a journal, you should cite the source as a personal communication since the PowerPoint is inaccessible to your readers.
- Personal communications are mentioned in-text but are not included as a source in the reference list. For example:
APA PowerPoint Citation – Citing Quoted Information
Sometimes a lecturer may include a statistic or a quote in a slide for students to cite. When citing these, you should mention the original source if it is available. If you cannot find the original source, cite it as a second-hand source. In most cases, the information source will be included in the PowerPoint properties.5
Point deductions can also be caused when citing passages that are not written in your own words. Don’t take a risk and run your paper through our online plagiarism checker. You will receive the results in only 10 minutes and can submit your paper with confidence.
Mention the name of the author, year, and PowerPoint title. Other details to include are the department’s names and the institution’s name.
Some PowerPoint files may be used as research sources. You should cite the URL of the login page instead of the URL of the file’s location.
Accessible PowerPoint slides can be included in the reference section of the research paper. PowerPoint slides that may be inaccessible to the public are cited as personal sources.
Personal information refers to PowerPoint sources included in a primary PowerPoint slide. It can be cited in-text to refer to a specific quote in a PowerPoint slide.
1 APA Style. “PowerPoint Slide or Lecture Note References.” February 2020. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/powerpoint-references.
2 Purdue University. “APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation.” Accessed February 9, 2023. https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/apa_powerpoint_slide_presentation.html.
3 Hallmark University. “APA Style, 7th Edition.” Accessed February 9, 2023. https://hallmark.libguides.com/c.php?g=984470&p=7824531.
4 Mathewson, Adrienne. “How to Cite a PowerPoint in APA Format.” Bibliography. Accessed February 9, 2023. https://www.bibliography.com/apa/citing-powerpoint-presentations-in-apa/.
5 Lonestar. “Citations: APA Style (7th ed.).” Accessed February 9, 2023. https://upresearch.lonestar.edu/APA/presentations.