Paragraph Transitions — Make It Smooth

03.03.23 Improving your academic writing Time to read: 4min

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Finding the right paragraph transitions for your writing needs is a valuable quality that may enhance your work’s readability and cohesion.1 Despite the apparent importance of knowing why we need paragraph transitions, sometimes, the only way to learn how to utilize appropriate transitions in your work properly is through experience.

Paragraph Transitions – In a Nutshell

  • The first sentences of paragraphs should include subject phrases that summarize the paragraph.
  • As a means of organizing your writing and establishing a logical flow from one part to the next, transition sentences are a useful tool.
  • Always provide detailed praise after a paragraph transitions.

Definition: Paragraph transitions

Paragraph transitions is when you move from one subject, topic, or approach to another in your essay, speech, composition, or report. Transitional paragraphs are often used to recap the key points of one section of text before commencing another section, and they may be as brief as one or two phrases. In lengthy works, the transitional section is a common need.

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How paragraph transitions work

Paragraphs are often read independently, but paragraph transitions may help readers see how they connect, make references, and build upon one another to make a bigger message. Writers might build on their earlier work by referring to pertinent details within the same paragraph.

Types of Paragraph Transitions

To indicate how one phrase links to another, paragraph transitions words often occur at the beginning of a new sentence, followed by a comma.

Without proper paragraph transitions, your writing may come out as confusing or disjointed. Misleading your readers about the relationships between your phrases and thoughts is a quick way to lose them.

  • Use of also, and or so

Although “also,” “and,” and “so” have their places in academic writing, using them at the beginning of a sentence is frowned upon as overly casual.

Incorrect: Also, there was a second phase of evaluation.

Correct: A second round of testing was also performed.

  • Outdated transitional words

Prepositions followed by “here,” “there,” or “where” are often avoided in current academic work, as are words like “hereby” and “therewith.” Using these phrases may make your writing seem awkward and dated and sometimes even change the intended meaning.

Incorrect: Poverty may be thought of as a sickness. Hereby, we see the negative impacts on health and that it runs in families.

Correct: Poverty may be thought of as a sickness. Understanding it as such, we not only see the negative impacts on health but also notice that it runs in families.

  • Misuse of therefore and related cause-and-effect terms

“Therefore” and similar lead phrases express that an event is the outcome of, or appears likely from, something else. Avoid using these terms in a manner that can lead someone to draw false conclusions.

Incorrect: Participants were asked to give us a score between 1 and 10, indicating how happy they were with their jobs. Therefore, 7.5 was the mean level of contentment among the sample.

Correct: Participants were asked to give us a score between 1 and 10, indicating how happy they were with their jobs. The mean level of contentment among the sample was 7.5.

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Importance of Paragraph Transitions

Some of the factors why you should use paragraph transitions in your work are as follows;

  • Easier reading

The use of paragraph transitions aids the reader in following your train of thought and seeing how your many points of view connect. Careful paragraph transitions show the reader how you got from one notion to another and where you are going with this.

  • Facilitate the development of novel approaches

While it is necessary for a paragraph transition to wrap up any loose ends from the preceding paragraph, it is often more crucial to set the scene for the fresh ideas introduced in the next paragraph. Paragraph transitions help keep the reader’s interest by setting them up for the next set of thoughts or facts in a piece of writing.

  • Inject energy into your writing

Using smooth paragraph transitions between paragraphs is a great way to keep the reader engaged in what you’re writing. Essays benefit greatly from well-executed paragraph transitions, which advance the narrative and keep the reader interested.2 This is especially crucial in academic or professional writing, which risks appearing dry and static if not done properly.


An outline may be helpful when working on paragraph transitions and sentences since it provides a birds-eye perspective of the whole paper and serves as a road map to the piece’s major points.

Paragraph transitions use linking words and conjunctive adverbs to clarify the connection between two distinct concepts. Words like “hence,” “nevertheless,” “however,” and “particularly” are useful for summarizing the connection between ideas.

Do not use too many transitional phrases. Overusing transitional words and phrases may make your writing unclear, even if they help readers move smoothly through your work.

Transitions assist the reader by showing them how to put the paper’s concepts together logically. Paragraph transitions are used to smoothly shift from one subject to the next, benefiting both the author and the reader.


1 Walden University. “Transitions.” Accessed February 24, 2023.

2 University of Newcastle Library guides. “Linking words.” January 9, 2023.