How to Cite an Interview in MLA – Definition & Guide

23.02.23 MLA examples Time to read: 4min

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How it was conducted and whether it was published determines how to cite an interview in MLA. Here’s an overview of how to cite an interview in MLA, frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the topic, and the differences when citing personal and published interviews in MLA.

How to cite an interview in MLA – In a Nutshell

Citing other sources is an excellent way to share more information you didn’t include in your interview with your readers. Citation makes you a great researcher because it entails details like author names and page numbers. Once you understand how to cite an interview in MLA, your audience quickly understands everyone involved in the interview and receives a deeper insight into your message.

Definition: MLA interview citation

An MLA interview citation is a reference technique for citing interviews using the MLA style. You mention the interviewee’s name in the in-text citation as the author. In the Works Cited entry, follow the interviewee’s name with the topic of the interview in speech marks. However, if you lack a subject for your discussion, write “interview”- don’t use quotation marks or styles.

If you did the interview alone, write your name and the interview date. If you used an interview from a published source, write the interviewer’s name and the complete information of your source.

Here are examples of how to cite an interview in MLA:

Personal interview

John Doe. Interview. Conducted by James Brown, 21 June 2018.

(John)

Published interview

Ypi, Lea. “Hope is a moral duty.” The interview was done by Kate Kellaway. The Guardian, 06/04/2022, www.theguardian.com/books/2022/jun/04/lea-ypi-hope-is-a-moral-duty-free-coming-of-age-at-the-end-of-history.

(Lea)

How to cite a personal interview in MLA

A personal interview is the one you did yourself. The Works Cited should include the interviewee’s name, the term “interview,” your name, and the interview date. This is how to cite an interview in MLA in this case:

Works Cited entry:

Washington, Samuel. Interview. Conducted by Brian McKenzie, 18 Jan. 2012.

Write the interviewee’s last name in the parenthetical citation.

In-text citation:

(Johnson)

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How to cite a published interview in MLA

A published interview is an interview you took from a published source like a podcast, online journal, book, online magazine, or video. Write the original interview in full detail using all the MLA core elements. Place the interviewee as the author and write the interview in speech marks. Put the interviewee’s last name in the parenthetical citation and the page number if available.

Here’s how to cite an interview in MLA depending on your source:

An online magazine

Include the following details for interviews derived from newspapers, online magazines or blogs:

  • Publication’s name
  • The post’s date
  • The site’s URL

Works Cited entry

Harrison, Patty. “Harry Pattison means it, except when she doesn’t.” This interview was done by Rachel Syme. The New Yorker, 20/02/2022, https://www.newyorker.com/culture/the-new-yorker-interview/patti-harrison-means-it-except-when-she-doesnt

In-text citation

(Patty)

A book

Include the following for an interview appearing in a book’s chapter or section:

  • The book’s title
  • The editor(s) or author(s)
  • The publisher
  • The publication year
  • The interview’s page range

If the book is the interviewer and you’re the editor or the author, omit the interview’s page range to avoid repetition.

Here’s an example of how to cite an interview in MLA in this instance:

Works Cited entry

Newport, Cal. “Deep Work.” This interview was done by Nancy Lynch. Grand Central Publishing, 2016, pp. 320–361.

An academic journal

Include the following elements for interviews published in academic journals:

  • Journal name
  • Volume and number
  • The date or year
  • The page range

Include a stable URL or DOI and the database if you sourced the interview from an online journal.

Here is an example of how to cite an interview in MLA derived from an academic journal:

Works Cited entry

Heterick, Bruce. “Books at JSTOR.” This interview was done by Marilyn Geller. Serials Review, vol. 38, Issue 4, 1998, pp. 262–265. ScienceDirect, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098791312001438.

In-text citation

(Heterick 263)

An online video

Include these elements for the online video interviews you found:

  • Its platform or website
  • The person uploading the video
  • Date uploaded
  • URL of the site

For this, use various timestamps to highlight specific relevant parts of the interview.

Works Cited entry

Levy, Hannah. “I try to create what I think of as a design purgatory.” This interview was done by Roxanne Bagheshirin Lærkesen.

YouTube video, uploaded by the Louisiana Channel, 20/12/2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yep0Q_JAneY.

In-text citation

(Hannah 03:50–04:14)

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FAQs

These interviews are personal communications, so they don’t need a formal citation in the reference list.

Works Cited format: Last name, Name. “Title of the interview.” Interview by First and Last name of Interviewer. Source of publication, Date Month Year, page number(s).

Works Cited entry:  Jensen, Ruby. “Ruby’s Everyday Life.” Interview by Christina Jackson. The dreamy Interviewers’ Column, June 2019, pp. 3-5.

In-text citation format: (Last name Page number(s))

In-text citation: (Jensen 4)

Use conjunctions like “according to” or “Jane states” to introduce references to the interview. If you must use the exact words from an interviewee, put them in quotation marks.