APA Format ~ A Student’s Guide to Effective Writing

13.11.22 APA style overview Time to read: 6min

How do you like this article?

0 Reviews


The APA Style, which sets forth the APA Format, is a widely accepted standard in academic writing, particularly in the social sciences. It dictates everything from the layout of your paper, the structure of your text, to the citation of sources, fostering consistency, credibility, and ease of understanding in scholarly communication. APA Format is a style of writing. Styles of writing refer to the format in which research papers structure their content. The goal of this format is to have an understandable method of communication due to its consistent rules.

APA Format – In a Nutshell

  • APA format was designed to create a common standard for scientific work.
  • This writing style helps simplify otherwise complex subjects by clearly identifying the parts of the paper.
  • The APA format also helps students and researchers to format their work as they undertake their studies.
  • Furthermore, it helps to address the issue of plagiarism in scholarly work by recognizing and acknowledging the original owners of research material.

Definition of APA format

APA stands for American Psychological Association. This body promotes research in psychology and has created guidelines to format research papers. The guidelines include how to step up the title page and cite sources used in a research paper. APA format is primarily used in the disciplines of social science and business. It is a standard for writing professional and academic papers.

APA format is intended to organize your content in a way that is similar across disciplines. This ensures that readers of your content can easily identify headings and content structure and find references. Other formats include MLA and Harvard referencing styles.

cheque your final paper for plagiarism
Not properly attributing credit to original sources often causes deductions in marks. Use our online plagiarism chequeer to reduce the risk of such penalties and correct any potential plagiarized passages. It takes only 10 minutes to submit your paper confidently.

Choosing a font in APA Format

The format permits the use of sans serif fonts, including 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode, Calibri, and Arial. You may also use serif fonts like Times New Roman and Georgia. These types of fonts are recommended because they are legible for most readers.

Use a bolded font in APA format for your title, and use the same font size throughout your work. You may use a smaller font size in some instances, such as labelling fonts or inserting footnotes.

Note that these are the general guidelines as stipulated in the APA style guide. Professors may specify different fonts, and you should adhere to them.

Setting up the page header in APA format

The page header appears on the top margin on every page of your paper. Page headers usually consist of the page number alone. In some cases, it may feature an APA running head, especially in professional papers. The APA running head is a shortened version of the paper’s title, no more than 50 characters.

Leveling your headings and subheadings in APA format

APA Headings help your readers to identify sections in your paper. The most effective headlines are brief and concise as they draw the reader’s attention. There are five levels of headings in APA format:

Level: APA Format

  1. Title Case, Bold, Centered
  2. Title Case, Bold, Left Aligned
  3. Title Case, Bold, Italic, Left Aligned
  4. Title Face, Bold, Indented, Period.
  5. Title Face, Bold, Italics, Indented, Period.

Use more than one subsection heading within a section. Avoid labelling headings using numbers and use double-spacing.

Heading Level APA Heading Format

Writing an abstract in APA format

An abstract in APA format refers to a comprehensive snapshot of your research paper. It highlights the research problem, the hypothesis, and the method of study. It comes after the title page and is typically less than 250 words.

Formatting the abstract

The APA abstract features a research paper’s page number and an APA running head. The “Abstract” label should be at the top of the page, centred and in boldface. Use a legible font and no more than 250 words to describe the research paper.

Writing the abstract

You can use the following questions to come up with good abstract ideas:

  • What is the research problem?
  • How did you study the variables in your research?
  • What have you found out?
  • What do you deduce from your findings?

Constructing the reference page in APA format

The APA reference page contains all the sources you have used in your paper. It comes at the end of your paper. Follow these guidelines for your APA reference page:

  • Bold and center the title “References” on a new page
  • Pick a legible font that’s consistent with the rest of the paper
  • Use indentation and double spaces

Tables and figures in APA format

APA tables and figures are an essential part of a well-written research paper. They present the information visually and help to communicate your ideas more effectively.

Table format

APA format gives some general rules for creating tables and figures. These guiding principles can be modified depending on the type of data. Format your table as follows:

At the top of the table, label the table number:

  • Use a short, bolded title
  • Label rows and columns using clear labels
  • Ensure numbers are in a consistent format and font
  • Add any relevant additional notes at the bottom of the table

Figure format

Figures in APA format refer to diagrams, flowcharts, and photographs. To label figures correctly:

  • Label the figure number on the top
  • Add a brief title below the figure number
  • Use colors where necessary to make your paper clear
Conduct a final format revision for a print of your thesis
Before submitting your thesis for print, cheque on your formatting with our 3D preview function for a final time. It provides an exact virtual visualization of what the printed version will resemble, making sure the physical version meets your expectations.


When using APA format in your paper, follow an in-text citation using the author-date structure. Mention the author’s first name and the year of publication, separated by a comma.


  • (Jones, 1998)

Include all the sources on the APA reference page at the end of your paper.

If you are quoting directly from a book, include the page number at the end of the brackets. Use “p” for one page and “pp” if you cite multiple pages. Capitalize where necessary, such as writing authors’ names and other pronouns.

APA format requires a one-inch margin on all sides. The title page or cover page should be the first page of your essay. The components of the title page include the title of the paper, the instructor’s names, and the authors’ names. The title of your paper should be concise and not have any unnecessary phrases. Use headings across your work to make it easy to navigate and capture the main idea in each subheading.

A hanging indent is an indentation of the second and subsequent lines when referencing in APA format. It is used for formatting your document when creating bibliographies and reference pages.


  • James, A. A. M., & Peterson, T. M. (2019). Presenting your findings: A
    guide for investing. Washington, DC: American Psychological

To cite a book with more than one author, follow this format:

  • Authors’ names: Michaels, P., & Maddison, M.
  • Year: (1997)
  • Title of the Book or Publication: Stories of yesterday
  • Place of Publication: Austin, TX:
  • Publisher: Wright Publications

Your reference should look like this:

  • Michaels, P., & Maddison, M.(1997). Stories of yesterday. Austin, TX: Wright Publications

Secondary citations are citations already present in your source material. In such cases, it is advisable to find the original source and cite it directly from the source. If you cannot find the original source, use the phrase “as cited in” and mention the original source.


  • According to Samuels, men have more spatial skills because of years of evolution as hunters (as cited in Roberts, 2009, p.76).

The rule of thumb when citing sources is to insert a citation when you use other people’s work. There is no defined limit on the number of citations to use in APA. However, ensure that people reading your paper can easily match your ideas to their sources.