Abstract Example

28.04.20 Academic writing Time to read: 6min

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Abstract Example – Definition

An abstract example is a piece of information that conclusively summarizes the whole article, review, conference corresponding and thesis, among others. It can also be used to provide an intensive summary of a specific subject.

It often occurs at the beginning of the authors work, to enable the reader to deduce the purpose of the thesis, research or article. If the information is conclusive, the abstract should be able to provide the complete idea of what is in the paper without any problems.

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A thesis statement  is a stance that the writer takes about the particular research topic and it is frequently referred to throughout the text. An abstract example, on the other hand, is a summary of an article or written project which only consists of the main problem, purpose and conclusion of the work. The abstract is a great way to get an idea of a research report without reading the whole thing.

It depends on the type of abstract you are writing. You can only include personal commentary in a critical abstract. Generally, it should express the results and findings of your research paper in one concise summary.

A good rule of thumb is to ask yourself the question: As another researcher, with only the abstract as an available piece of paper from the whole research, would I understand the contents of the research paper or dissertation through this abstract example? If the answer is no, then perhaps you need to rephrase your abstract to ensure that it’s clear and concise.

Finding an abstract example is quite easy. We have included some examples here below with instructions on how to format them. All of the information you need is right here at your fingertips, simply scroll down and you’ll find examples, as well as a step-by-step guide to writing an abstract.

For a smaller research paper, the abstract should be somewhere between 1/3 of a page to 1 whole page. 150 words is a good starting point. For a bachelor’s thesis, or a master’s thesis, your abstract will be 1-2 whole pages, but it should never exceed 2 pages.

There are so many things to look for in an abstract example. For instance, the length of the abstract, the formatting and the key areas that it is focusing on. You should also have a look at how the main points of the research paper are effectively summarised and the tone in which the abstract is written.

An abstract example should include a summary of the whole paper. That includes an introduction, the methods used, the results and an interpretation of the results that were discussed in your academic writing project. Remember to keep it short and concise.

Step-by-Step Guide

Writing an abstract example for your scientific paper is quite easy. You only need to follow some of the steps below, and in no time, you will have a comprehensive abstract.

The steps include:

The best way to come up with a great abstract is to first write the whole research paper. By doing so, you will be able to highlight every key aspect included in the article easily. It also saves you time in case you decide not to use specific information or arguments.

Once you finish writing the whole research paper, go ahead and identify the key sections. Those are the details you need to write. Every sentence should carry valuable information concerning the paper.

Some of the information you need to have in mind include an overview of the problem, the methods used to collect data, the results and the conclusion of the paper. You should summarize all those details in your abstract example.

You should then go through the abstract and make sure that it touches all the parts of the paper. If a particular section is missing, you need to go ahead and find a way to incorporate it without going above the required words.

GOOD TO KNOW: Read our article about the Parts of a Research Paper!

Types of Abstract with Examples

There are various types of abstract examples. You need to know what each type is so that you can understand what you need to write in each one of them.

The types include:

Critical Abstract

The critical abstract example not only focuses on the problem description, methods of data collection, judgment or comment on the findings.

It also involves comparing the paper with other existing works. The abstract example length usually ranges from 400 to 500 words.

Descriptive Abstract

In a descriptive abstract example, you have to denote critical information. You should, however, not include any judgment, commentary or conclusion on the subject.

It is usually 100 words or less. The descriptive abstract example only denotes the purpose, scope and critical areas of the research.

Informative Abstract

It is the most common type of abstract. The abstract usually contains at most 300 words in length.

The informative abstract tends to describe the critical aspects of the research paper, the main arguments, as well as the recommendations of the author.

GOOD TO KNOW: Read our article about Research Paper Topics!

Examples for Your Thesis

Example 1

Stakeholder-oriented protection of employees in Germany

Stakeholders are a significant problem in the United States. In the stated country, the shareholders are company owners, and so managers have to fulfil their interests. Germany, on the other hand, follows the stakeholder-oriented model where each employee deserves a legal representation on the supervisory board.

The litreature review indicates the disparity between the two models with favourable outcomes towards the German model. The employee in Germany have a voice, and so they are free to speak their minds and help in decision making. Despite a few negativities, the model is likely to impact the United States positively.

Example 2

Strategic plan and evaluation for healthcare facilities

The primary demand in healthcare at the moment is quality, patient- centred healthcare and safety. Establishment of a strategy that incorporates the three is a significant step to take towards a positive direction.

The litreature review, however, denotes that the accomplishment of the plan depends solely on systems and not individuals. For the effectiveness of the strategy, it has to align with the organizational culture, operation unites and culture. The strategy performance will then require an analytical tool for proper evaluation of its success.

Example 3

Communication behaviour, Values, and political participation

This paper scrutinizes the mediation of communication behaviour on the influence of values towards political participation. The findings are that post-material values like newspapers affect political participation positively while materialist values affect negatively.

Some results explain how communication patterns affect political participation, and that goes beyond the facts regarding political knowledge. The conclusion is that integrating information from news and various sources can lead to a better understanding of the political realm. It can also lead to better political participation in politics than when using factual politics knowledge.


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In a Nutshell

  • An abstract is a short intensive summary of an article which mostly occurs at the beginning of the author’s work.
  • It should enable the reader to deduce the purpose and the results of the article to help him decide if it is worth reading.
  • There are different types of abstracts: critical, descriptive and informative
  • In order to write a good abstract, you should write your whole paper first.
  • By going through the included abstract examples, you find the ideal format, tone and structure of a descriptive abstract.
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